Methods Used in Restoration of Flood Damaged Paper Objects

DJANIC et al poster 1Authors: Karmen Đanić, Valnea Gjivić, Barbara Butigan and Domenika Krasan
Mentor: Tanja Dujaković, Teaching Assistant

Department of Art and Restoration, University of Dubrovnik (Croatia)
Study programme: Graduate programme in conservation-restoration
Specialization: Paper (1st year of study)

Abstract

The poster is inspired by the objects which the students of Conservation and Restoration of Paper had the opportunity to restore as part of their final year MA project. It concerns the recovery of paper artefacts following flood. The poster presents theoretical and practical aspects of the issue, describing two sets of procedures, those which are applied in the recovery of individual objects and those which are applied on large quantities of damaged material. Any work on the objects is preceded by the object’s (or objects’) condition check, value estimation and damage ranking. Based on this, a decision is made concerning the appropriate method of recovery, i.e. whether to recover individual object or to perform "mass" recovery. Interventive treatment on individual objects usually includes separation of the pages with the appropriate chemical substances,  while mass methods use freeze drying, lyophilisation, deacidification... The poster presents examples of both methods, taken from the Conservation and Restoration of Paper studio practice and used in the recovery of the objects, on which the students have had the opportunity to work.

Click here to view the poster. (PDF // 1.84 MB)

Opširnije:Methods Used in Restoration of Flood Damaged Paper Objects

Photodocumentation of Cultural heritage (Objects): Tips on Studio and On Site (in situ) Approaches

GOLDIN posterAuthor: Ivan Goldin
Mentor: Mario Braun, Lecturer

Department for Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art, Academy of Fine Arts, University of Zagreb (Croatia)
Study programme: Integrated undergraduate and graduate course of study in conservation-restoration
Specialization: Sculpture (4th year of study)

Abstract

The poster contains simplified yet essential tips on how to plan photo shooting in different conservation and restoration situations, including the selection of appropriate lens and the set-up of basic parameters, in order to make photographic documentation more reliable even in the conditions which are not ideal.

Click here to view the poster. (PDF // 1.48 MB)

Opširnije:Photodocumentation of Cultural heritage (Objects): Tips on Studio and On Site (in situ) Approaches

Applied Brocade. Art Technology and Conservation-Restoration

SARTORI posterAuthor: Erica Sartori
Mentors: Miladi Makuc Semion, Associate Professor; Martina Vuga, MA, Teaching Assistant

Department of Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art, Academy of Fine Arts and Design, University of Ljubljana (Slovenia)
Study programme: First-Cycle Bachelor's Programme of Study in Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art
Specialization: Polychrome Wooden Sculpture (3rd year of study)

Abstract

Applied brocade is a decorative technique found mainly on wooden supports. Its goal is to imitate the three-dimensional appearance of brocade by shaping a tin foil in a mould, gilding it and gluing it to the support. The technical studies, based on the motifs of the existing tin reliefs, follow the instructions found in medieval receipts and recent publications. The technical and historical study of applied brocade laid the groundwork for the conservation treatment of a 16th century reliquary bust which,  due to the extreme fragility of the relief, was mainly focused on consolidation.

Click here to view the poster. (PDF // 1.17 MB)

Opširnije:Applied Brocade. Art Technology and Conservation-Restoration

Use of Combined Physical and Chemical Examination of a Panel Painting for Decision-making Purposes: Retouching Removal

KEDZIORA posterAuthor: Justyna Kędziora
Mentor: Aleksandra Hola, PhD, Assistant Professor

Department of Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art, Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts in Cracow (Poland)
Study programme: Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art MA Programme
Specialization: Paintings (5th year of study)

Abstract

A 16th century Italian panel painting depicting The Raising of Lazarus was retouched more than once in its history. Some of the overpaint will have to be removed due to their unacceptable aesthetic qualities, faulty plank joints and bad condition of wood. The poorly preserved original paint layer, extensive retouching and damaged support give rise to the question  which particular overpaint  to remove and which to kept in place? With the help of observation in raking light, ultraviolet induced fluorescence photography (UVIFP), infrared radiography (IRR), X ray radiography (XRR), scanning X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (MA-XRF), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) and infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) the author of the poster will propose the safest course of conservation actions, with the emphasis on the decision which parts of the painting layer should be removed.

Click here to view the poster. (PDF // 1.95 MB)

Opširnije:Use of Combined Physical and Chemical Examination of a Panel Painting for Decision-making...

Varnish Preparation and Application on Easel Paintings

PREVAREK posterAuthors: Ivana Guljelmović, Patricia Prevarek, Ana Sokač and Anamaria Udovičić
Mentor: Tamara Ukrainčik, MA, Associate Professor

Department for Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art, Academy of Fine Arts, University of Zagreb (Croatia)
Study programme: Integrated undergraduate and graduate course of study in conservation-restoration
Specialization: Easel paintings (4th year of study)

Abstract

The poster presents a varnish preparation exercise in which natural and synthetic resins and solvents were prepared and applied to different substrates. The selection of substrates has offered an insight into different absorption properties of different materials, and consequently, different behaviour of the applied varnishes. The choice of varnish was based on scientific research results and restoration interventions carried out over the last few years, in which the selected varnishes have shown satisfactory properties (stability and resistance to aging and changes caused by external influences).

Click here to view the poster. (PDF // 1.61 MB)

Opširnije:Varnish Preparation and Application on Easel Paintings

Conservation and Restoration of the "Seoba Srba" Chromolithograph by Paja Jovanović

MIHAILOVIC TERZIC posterAuthors: Tijana Mihailović and Milica Terzić
Mentor: Tijana Lazić, Assistant Professor

Department of Conservation and Restoration, Faculty of Applied Arts in Belgrade, Academy of Applied Arts, University of Arts in Belgrade (Serbia)
Study programme: Conservation and restoration
Specialization: Paintings and artworks on paper (5th year of the Master's programme)

Abstract

The poster presents the process of conservation and restoration of the chromolithograph of the Seoba Srba painting by Paja Jovanović. The picture was produced in the chromolithographic studio in Zagreb, founded by the merchant Petar Nikolić. The technique of chromolithography was popular in the nineteenth century, and this particular chromolithograph was produced in 1909. At the time when it was acquired it was already in a poor condition. After a microscopic analysis (USB microscope) and microbiological analysis (by MVP), the conservation treatment included fixing of mechanical damage (Tyvek) and the removal of the canvas carrier, followed by mechanical cleaning of the back and face of the picture (eraser, groom-stick) and the chemical cleaning of the face of the picture (alcohol-water mixture). The damage to the back of the picture was repaired with starch glue and Japanese tissue. The chromolithograph was glued to a new paper carrier (Japanese tissue). During the regluing (using starch glue), the original pieces of the chromolithograph were integrated. Due to the damage to the paint layer, the restoration process was carried out in the form of retouch (watercolor paint). On the edges of the picture, tissue straps were added and the picture was put in a mounting frame.

Click here to view the poster. (PDF // 2.16 MB)

Opširnije:Conservation and Restoration of the "Seoba Srba" Chromolithograph by Paja Jovanović

Development of New Mosaic Tesserae for Artists and Conservators-Restorers

LONCAR poster 1Authors: Urška Lončar and Monika Zobec
Mentors: Blaž Šeme, PhD, Assistant Professor; Gregor Kokalj, MA, Assistant Professor

Department of Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art, Academy of Fine Arts and Design, University of Ljubljana (Slovenia)
Study programme: First-Cycle Bachelor's Programme of Study in Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art
Specialization: – (? year of study)

Abstract

Students of the  Academy of Fine Arts and Design and the Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering in Ljubljana, in collaboration with experts from different fields, are working on a new kind of mosaic cubes made of inorganic and organic compounds. The idea of the project originates from the need for high-quality and affordable mosaic tesserae, which art students can make by themselves and which can be suitable for use in the  wider area  of artistic creation, including copying, at the same time meeting  the needs of  mosaic conservation-restoration. For the purpose of the project, two groups of students tested two different basic binders: a ceramic-based mineral binder (Kremenit) and an epoxy-resin-based synthetic organic binder. After the addition of various pigments and additives, and the manufacture of moulds for test samples, two types of tests were performed: workability tests on the materials in the studio (consistency, setting time, shrinkage, cutting and adherence) and tests of the physical properties of the tesserae in the scientific laboratory (compressive, bending and splitting strength tests and frost resistance tests). The results of the project are mosaic tesserae that can be used for outdoor and indoor purposes. The research will hopefully continue as planned.

Click here to view the poster. (PDF // 777.38 KB)

Opširnije:Development of New Mosaic Tesserae for Artists and Conservators-Restorers

14. MEĐUNARODNA KONFERENCIJA STUDIJA KONZERVACIJE-RESTAURACIJE (ZAGREB 2017.)

Ispod se nalaze posteri predstavljeni na 14. međunarodnoj konferenciji studija konzervacije-restauracije. Konferencija je održana 2017. godine u Zagrebu, a program možete pogledati ovdje.

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Producing copies of the Late Bronze Age pottery from Dugiš on the river Cetina

dragicevic vukadin posterAuthors: Francis Dragičević and Ivana Vukadin
Mentor: Miona Miliša, PhD, Assistant Professor

Department of Conservation-Restoration, Arts Academy of the University of Split (Croatia)
Study programme: Integrated undergraduate and graduate course of study in conservation-restoration
Specialization: Archaeological materials (5th year of study)

Abstract

The archaeological site of Dugiš is a prehistoric settlement of stilt houses located on the banks of the river Cetina in vicinity of Sinj. Being a very durable and resistant material, as well as the most characteristic feature of any prehistoric settlement, ceramic findings indicate a thousand year long continuity of living on the site. The pottery was of everyday use, mainly cooking ware, acquired by the courtesy of Archaeological Museum at Split. There is more than one way of presenting an object as an whole, especially if there are merely fragments left of the original. As an alternative to reconstructing the missing areas, there is always an option of producing a copy of the vessel. Making of a copy and making of a replica have two very different meanings. The difference is in the materials used as well as in the technique of production. While a copy only imitates the physical characteristics of the original, a replica is produced of authentic materials and by the authentic process of production and also provides authentic visual appearance. Producing plaster copies is an elegant and cost efficient way of presenting ancient pottery, especially in cases of major original material loss.

Click here to view the poster. (PDF // 1.21 MB)

Opširnije:Producing copies of the Late Bronze Age pottery from Dugiš on the river Cetina

Restoration of San Giovanni in Fonte baptistery mosaics

allegretti et al posterAuthors: Giulia Allegretti De Lista, Elena Fondacaro and Valeria Pappalardo
Mentor: Francesco Esposito, Prof.

Suor Orsola Benincasa University in Naples (Italy)
Study programme: Art Conservation and Restoration
Specialization: Stone, decoration of architectural surfaces

Abstract

In July and September 2014, a didactic workshop was developed in the baptistery of San Giovanni in Fonte, Naples. In the restoration project were involved the Superior Institute for Conservation and Restoration, Special Suprintendence for Historical Artistical and Ethno-Anthropological Heritage and Museum Centre of Naples and Suor Orsola Benincasa University. Our intervention purpose was to deepen the study of executive tecnique of the mosaic, even with the assistance of diagnostic measures, and to realize a general project for its conservation. Mosaic conditions, indeed, were compromized by continuous water infiltrations from the roof and by microclimatic problems of the environment. Finally, the gourp attempted to activate a better reading of the figurative device, which in 2014 was quite fragmentary because of the fillings of numerous lacunae, sometimes really wide, realized in different times and ways from Middleage until the last century.

Click here to view the poster. (PDF // 1.69 MB)

Opširnije:Restoration of San Giovanni in Fonte baptistery mosaics

Conservation-restoration of the wall painting "Mladina se vključuje v proizvodnjo" (Youth are Getting Involved in the Production) by Maksim Sedej and Dana Pajnič

berden skander posterAuthors: Čila Berden, academic restorer, and Barbara Škander,  academic restorer
Mentor: Blaž Šeme, PhD, Assistant Professor

Department of Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art, Academy of Fine Arts and Design, University of Ljubljana (Slovenia)
Study programme: First-Cycle Master's Programme Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art
Specialization: Wall paintings and stone (1st year of study)

Abstract

During November and December 2016 first and second year MA students attending the course pathway Conservation and Restoration of Wall Paintings and Stone at the Academy of Fine Arts and Design in Ljubljana undertook the conservation-restoration of a socialist realist wall painting titled Youth are Getting Involved in the Production. The wall painting was made using the secco technique in 1949 by the painters Maksim Sedej and Dana Pajnič and is located in the Secondary School for Hairstyling in Ljubljana.

We began by examining, assessing and documenting the condition of the wall painting, followed by cleaning tests for determining the stability of the paint surface. We then decided on the necessary conservation-restoration treatment. Procedures carried out were the removal of surface impurities and of the silicon strip that remained from the mounted display protection, the repair of gaps with lime putty and the retouching of areas of paint loss. While working on the wall painting we discovered areas that were heavily overpainted during previous restorations, as well as unsuitable surface repairs, which we decided to remove.

The poster presents the techniques and materials that were used for the conservation-restoration of the wall painting.

Click here to view the poster. (PDF // 286.83 KB)

Opširnije:Conservation-restoration of the wall painting "Mladina se vključuje v proizvodnjo" (Youth are...

The restoration of old print "Georgica Curiosa" from year 1716

jadlovska posterAuthor: Anezka Jadlovska
Mentor: Radomir Slovik, MSc

Faculty of Restoration, University of Pardubice (Czech Republic)
Study programme: Restoration and Conservation
Specialization: Paper, bookbinding and documents (4th year of study)

Abstract

The poster is about restoration of book with title Georgica Curiosa. The restoration of this book was part of a bachelor thesis. This restoration has included analysis, cleaning, completion of materials, making of bookbinding according original techniques and preparation of protective box. The intervention took place from February to August 2016.

The book was printed in Nuremberg in 1716 and an author was Wolf Helmhardt von Hohberg, Austrian nobleman. Georgica Curiosa is an encyclopedic handbook focused on farming and countryside and the book is composed of three richly illustrated volumes. The subject of restoration is the first volume from Hohberg‘s work.

Click here to view the poster. (PDF // 682.3 KB)

Opširnije:The restoration of old print "Georgica Curiosa" from year 1716

"The Unknown Saint", the wooden sculpture with polychrome, gilding and silvering; 16th/17th century (?)

sawoniuk posterAuthor: Alicja Sawoniuk
Mentors: Andrej Aranicki, MA, Associate Professor; Ana Božičević, MA, Assistant Lecturer

Department of Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art, Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków (Poland)
Study programme: Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art MA Programme
Specialization: Paintings (5th year of study)

Abstract

The conservation-restoration treatment of The Unknown Saint, the wooden sculpture with polychrome, gilding and silvering, dated for 16th/17th century (?) from the church of St. George the Martyr in Lešće na Dobri (Croatia). The sculpture undertakes issues of reconstruction and a range of conservator’s intervention. The object is under the museum approach, what means that an artwork is reduced to a historical document. The range of executed processes is minimalized only to conservation treatment, esthetic tasks are taken only if necessary.

Works were executed in the Academy of Fine Arts in Zagreb under the Erasmus+ Programme during the winter semester 2016/17.

Click here to view the poster. (PDF // 1.48 MB)

Opširnije:"The Unknown Saint", the wooden sculpture with polychrome, gilding and silvering; 16th/17th...

Saving the words of Illyric history

carevic et al Authors: Iva Carević, Katija Maškarić, Dora Franetović and Mia Perković
Mentor: Sanja Serhatlić, Expert Associate 

Department of Art and Restoration, University of Dubrovnik (Croatia)
Study programme: Graduate programme in conservation-restoration
Specialization: Paper (1st year of the Master's programme)

Abstract

A book Breve Compendivm Nationis Glorisae Totivs Lingvae Illyricae by the author Martin Rosa was published in 1638 and is situated in Franciscan monastery in Rožat. Martin Rosa was representative of Franciscan Illyrism. The book is written in Latin and tells about creation of the world, Slavic cultural and political history, their language, geographical position and it is the only remained copy in Croatia. Process of restoration took place in workshop of paper at University of Dubrovnik. The book is made of three parts which vary in dimension, thickness and in type of print. It was in very poor state and had many mechanical and chemical damages, especially book cover and binding, because of bad conditions in which it was kept in. Purpose of this poster is to present processes of restoration done on this book and to show some interesting particularities that occured during the restoration.

Click here to view the poster. (PDF // 839.24 KB)

Opširnije:Saving the words of Illyric history

Conservation and restoration of Tomos Colibri 03 moped

Author: Angel Oblak
Mentors: Tamara Trček Pečak, Associate Professor; Jurij Smole, Assistant Professor

Department of Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art, Academy of Fine Arts and Design, University of Ljubljana (Slovenia)
Study programme: Integrated undergraduate and graduate course of study in conservation-restoration
Specialization: – (graduate)

Opširnije:Conservation and restoration of Tomos Colibri 03 moped

Crucifixion group: Conservation of polychrome sculptures from St. James chapel at Očura

Author: Sonja Pavin
Mentors: Zvjezdana Jembrih, MA, Associate Professor; Ana Božičević, MA, Assistant Lecturer 

Department for Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art, Academy of Fine Arts, University of Zagreb (Croatia)
Study programme: Integrated undergraduate and graduate course of study in conservation-restoration
Specialization: Sculpture (4th year of study)

Opširnije:Crucifixion group: Conservation of polychrome sculptures from St. James chapel at Očura

Restoration of the ancient Roman sculpture Augustus from Narona

nizetic posterAuthor: Josip Nižetić
Mentors: Ivo Donelli, Associate Professor; Siniša Bizjak, Assistant Professor

Department of Conservation-Restoration, Arts Academy of the University of Split (Croatia)
Study programme: Integrated undergraduate and graduate course of study in conservation-restoration
Specialization: Stone (5th year of study)

Abstract

This poster is about the restoration works on the sculpture representing emperor Augustus of Narona. The Poster briefly explains all stages of work that begun with modelling of the missing leg to the final casting in ACRYSTAL acrylic resin. It contains photographs of the main stages of the process of restoration: photo before the restoration which depicts the sculpture condition before the very process of restoration.; after the restoration (final photo); depiction of the modelling process; depiction of the casting process; positioning of the cast and the original, modelling of the foot and cleaning with a steamer. The poster speaks about the issues of the sculpture which lead to the process of conservation and restoration, and also answers the questions: why, how and for what reason were certain conservation-restorative procedures applied on the specific parts of the sculpture.

Click here to view the poster. (PDF // 1.58 MB)

Opširnije:Restoration of the ancient Roman sculpture Augustus from Narona

Conservation and restoration works carried out on two wooden, polychrome sculpture of angel torchbearer from the church of St. Margaret in Štinjan

roce posterAuthor: Lucija Roce
Mentor: Nađa Lučić, Expert Associate 

Department of Art and Restoration, University of Dubrovnik (Croatia)
Study programme: Graduate programme in conservation-restoration
Specialization: Wooden objects (1st year of the Master's programme)

Abstract

Poster presents conservation and restoration works carried out on two wooden, polychrome sculpture of angel torchbearer from the church of St. Margaret in Štinjan. It will include: results of made and available laboratory analysis of materials with interpretations of results data and complete conducted conservation and restoration process with list of used materials and explanations of working methods. Because the sculptures were dislocated for years, the work carried out on them was the reason for their return in the cult, in the original context as altar inventory. Although it is a common intervention, poster discusses the importance of restoration procedure for re-evaluating the artwork and the role of conservator in communication with the public.

Click here to view the poster. (PDF // 3.25 MB)

Opširnije:Conservation and restoration works carried out on two wooden, polychrome sculpture of angel...

Restoration of mosaic replica from Stolac

acimovic sarana posterAuthors: Anđela Aćimović and Monika Sarana
Mentor: Darko Šobot, MA, Assistant Professor 

Department of Conservation and Restoration, Academy of Fine Arts, University of Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Study programme: Integrated undergraduate and graduate course of study in conservation-restoration
Specialization: – (2nd year of study)

Abstract

The mosaic is dated to the 3rd century AD and it is just a part of a 16 x 8 meters big scene with the Minotaur and the labyrinth.  In 2009 on workshop, this mosaic replica was made with original tesseraes from excavations when mosaic was discovered, in 1894. On that workshop despite professionals, mistakes were made. The poster presents a summary of a conservation restoration treatments of  part of a floor mosaics replica from Stolac based on schemes in book Ancient Mosaics in the Territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Click here to view the poster. (PDF // 589.87 KB)

Opširnije:Restoration of mosaic replica from Stolac

Diocesan Museum Waterfalls

Authors: Andrea Šafran, Luka Krešimir Stipić, Marko Rizvić and Ante Pereza
Mentors: Zvjezdana Jembrih, MA, Associate Professor; Ana Božičević, MA, Assistant Lecturer 

Department for Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art, Academy of Fine Arts, University of Zagreb (Croatia)
Study programme: Integrated undergraduate and graduate course of study in conservation-restoration
Specialization: Sculpture (2nd year of study)

Opširnije:Diocesan Museum Waterfalls