The "Ecce Homo" painting by Leopold Layer: Identifying problems and solutions

Author: Ana Oblak
Mentor: Lucija Močnik Ramovš, MFA, Associate Professor

Department of Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art, Academy of Fine Arts and Design, University of Ljubljana (Slovenia)
Study programme: Second-Cycle Master's Study Programme Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art
Specialization: Paintings and Polychrome Plastic (1st year of study)


OBLAK AnaThe subject of this presentation is a Baroque painting entitled Ecce homo painted by Leopold Layer. Initial examination of the painting has showed the condition of the painting is unsatisfactory, which can partially be contributed to the previous conservation work. In the continuation, two main issues were discussed. Due to high sensitivity of the cinnabar pigment used mainly on red surfaces, it was necessary for us to consider carefully, which cleaning method would not compromise the original material. Another significant issue was the highly deteriorated original canvas, as well as choosing the proper lining technique and materials. Also practical aspects of the conservation treatment were considered. The purpose of conservation-restoration intervention was to alleviate the obtrusive effects of the ageing process, including the unsuitable past interventions, by taking into account the basic conservation principles of reversibility and minimal intervention.

Short biography

ANA OBLAK (Celje 1991) has graduated in Conservation-restoration of works of art at the Academy of Fine Arts and Design, University of Ljubljana. In February 2017 she has completed her Master's study in Conservation-restoration, specializing in Paintings and Polychromes, with a thesis entitled "The Ecce Homo Painting by Leopold Layer: Identifying Problems and Solutions" supervised by assoc. prof. mag. Lucija Močnik Ramovš and doc. dr. Katja Kavkler. During her studies she has participated in various cons.-rest. projects working mainly with paintings and frescoes.