Papermaking: The History and the Technique

PERKOVIC et alAuthors: Mia Perković, Katija Maškarić, Iva Carević and Dora Franetović
Mentor: Sanja Serhatlić, Expert Associate

Department of Art and Restoration, University of Dubrovnik (Croatia)
Study programme: Second-Cycle Master's Programme of Study in Conservation-Restoration
Specialization: Paper (2nd year of study)


The method of manual papermaking has changed very little over time . The main changes that have been introduced concern the advancements in production technology. Today, handmade paper is made in small quantities, for special purposes. Almost all paper is manufactured, using industrial machinery. The presentation deals with the antique technique of papermaking, the ingredients and the making of watermarks, and the purpose of papermaking in restoration, in which it is used in the processes of integration and reconstruction of old paper. The authors also demonstrate the way in which they make it in their laboratory, at the University.

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Short biographies

MIA PERKOVIĆ was born on the 11th of April 1992, in Zagreb. She finished high school (gymnasium) at Split.

KATIJA MAŠKARIĆ was born on the 25th of May 1994, at Dubrovnik. She finished high school (gymnasium) at Dubrovnik.

IVA CAREVIĆ was born on the 15th of September 1994, at Dubrovnik. She finished high school (gymnasium) at Dubrovnik.

DORA FRANETOVIĆ was born on the 14th of November 1993, in Zagreb. She finished the School of Design, Graphics and Sustainable Development at Split.

In 2016, they all graduated with Bachelor’s Degree in Conservation and Restoration of Paper, at the University of Dubrovnik. They are currently in their 2nd year of the Master’s Programme of Conservation and Restoration of Paper. As part of their practical work, they have practiced and researched the technology of papermaking.

They have participated at the 14th International Conference of Conservation and Restoration Studies in Zagreb, with the oral presentation entitled "Importance of Restoration and Conservation of the Historic Book" and the poster "Saving the Letters of Illyric History".

They share a common interest in and passion for the conservation and restoration of paper and heritage objects.