Possible Ways for Reconstructing Missing Sections of Mosaics

Author: Anja Novak, BA
Mentor: Blaž Šeme, PhD, Assistant Professor

Academy of Fine Arts and Design, Ljubljana (Slovenia)
Study programme: Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art
Specialization: Wall Paintings and Stone Sculpture (1st year of the Master's programme)

Anja NovakAbstract

The presentation considers different methods of filling the lacuna in mosaic fragments. The choice of method does not depend only on the conservator-restorer, but also on the environment where the mosaic will be presented (in situ or inside). In addition to the surface look and the final appearance of the mosaic, another important factor needs to be considered when filling the gaps, i.e. the use of suitable materials, which unite the original mosaic into one homogeneous image. In addition to the aesthetic aspect, the comparison takes into account technical advantages and disadvantages of the selected methods, with the help of already existing samples. As part of the theoretical study, six test samples were made in direct technique, depicting a braid – a motive, often depicted in mosaics from the Antiquity/Roman period. During the construction of each sample, we intentionally left some gaps, which were latter filled using different filling methods.

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Short biography

ANJA NOVAK was born in Ljubljana, in 1992. She is currently in her first year of the postgraduate program, specialising in Conservation and Restoration of Wall Paintings and Stone Sculpture. Based on her first degree accomplishments, she received an award of the Academy of Fine Arts and Design, University of Ljubljana, for the bachelor thesis Possible ways for reconstructing missing sections of mosaics. In 2014, she worked on antique mosaics NUK-2 from Emona (Ljubljana) and mosaics from Celeia (Celje) with Conservation Centre of the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia (ZVKDS).